Nov 292015
 

Tintern Abbey in the Wye Valley

Cistercian monastery ruins and scenic countryside in south Wales

The ruins of Tintern Abbey lie between the Wye River and the A466 road at the southern end of Tintern village in south Wales. The ruins are impressive to walk through and the Wye Valley setting is beautiful.

Tintern Abbey, Wales

Tintern Abbey was founded in 1131 AD by Walter de Clare, Lord of Chepstow, who granted land to Cistercian monks. It became the first Cistercian house in Wales. The Abbey started its life as a series of wooden buildings. By the mid twelfth century, there was a stone church and cloisters. The Abbey was rebuilt between 1270 and 1301. By the end of the rebuilding, about 400 monks lived at the Abbey. The Black Death, the disastrous disease which spread through Europe 1346 to 1353, badly affected life at the monastery, but Tintern Abbey continued to operate until 1536.

Tintern Abbey church
Tintern’s great church was built between 1269 and 1301.
Except for its lack of a roof, window glass, and internal divisions,
it stands much as it did in the 14th century.

 In the 1500s, political actions of King Henry VIII ended monastery life in England and Wales. The Dissolution of the Monasteries was part of his policy to take over the churches, both to sever ties with Rome and to obtain their considerable wealth. Tintern Abbey was surrendered to the King in 1536. Within a few years, lead was stripped from the roof of Tintern Abbey and the building began to decay. The Abbey became a source of building stone.

In the late 18th century when it became fashionable to visit wilder parts of the country and the Wye Valley became renowned for its picturesque qualities, Tintern Abbey was rediscovered and the site cleaned up. The famous painter J M W Turner was a visitor. Poet William Wordsworth wrote Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey, on Revisiting the Banks of the Wye During a Tour, July 13, 1798 here.

Tintern Abbey, Wales
Part of the Abbey which was once a large infirmary

Tintern Abbey, Wales

Tintern Abbey, Wales

Tintern Abbey, Wales

Tintern Abbey

Anchor Inn beside Tintern Abbey, Wales
Anchor Inn

Next to the Abbey, within its original grounds, is the Anchor Inn pub and restaurant. The main building used to be the Abbey’s cider mill and horse-drawn apple press. Adjoined to this building, the Ferryman’s cottage once housed a boat and its custodian who transported people and goods across the river to England.

Anchor Inn apple-press wheel, Tintern
Wheel of the apple-press has a prominent spot in the bar
River Wye, Tintern, Wales
The Wye River at Tintern
Tintern Wales
Tintern village

Tintern is toward the southern end of the Wye Valley. The Wye River (Afon Gwy in Welsh) is the fifth-longest river in the United Kingdom. For much of its 134 miles, it forms the border between Wales and England. Its source is in the Welsh mountains at Plynlimon. It meets the Severn Estuary just below Chepstow.

A 72-mile stretch of the lower Wye Valley, from just south of Hereford to Chepstow, is designated as an Area of Outstanding Beauty, which means it is an area designated for preservation due to its significant landscape value. The area contains a number of attractions and activities for visitors. Our trip through the Valley was short and only took us from Chepstow to Monmouth (16 miles), but the scenery lived up to expectations.

Wye Walley

Wye Valley

Wye Valley

Tintern Abbey

  18 Responses to “Tintern Abbey in the Wye Valley”

  1. Beautiful, Donna. After my first trip to southern Wales last year, I fell in love with the place. My sister and I are going again next spring, but west of the Wye Valley. Tintern looks like a beautiful place to stroll and ponder life from a long time ago–or today!

    • Rose Mary, enjoy your trip to Wales. How far west of the Wye Valley are you going? We enjoyed our stay in the Brecon Beacons.

  2. I’ve always wanted to visit South Wales. Wye is now on my list. It looks so peaceful and I love the history.

  3. Absolutely gorgeous! I’ve never been to South Wales but I sure would like to visit sometime. The scenery is stunning. Thanks for the pics and the tour:)

  4. Wow, this is wonderful, Donna! I think it is interesting that the roof was stripped of the lead. I wonder what they used the lead for? Thanks for sharing these beautiful pictures.

  5. Donna, Tintern is one of my favourite abby’s, and Cymru is a repeat destination for me. As you’ve demonstrated so well, it’s a very photogenic country. 🙂 Enjoyed revisiting with you in this post.

  6. Donna, your photos are gorgeous. I found the history of the Abbey fascinating – what a shame that it was destroyed through greed – but amazing that the walls are still standing, even without the protection of a roof. I liked the way the grass was growing right inside the footings and of course, the whole valley looks wonderful. Thanks for sharing this with us.

  7. Beautiful!

  8. If I ever get the chance to make it that way, I would love to explore Tintern Abbey. As a King Arthur fan, I would also love to check out Glastonbury Abbey as well.

  9. Beautiful images!

Leave a Comment