Journey to Churchill exhibit at Winnipeg’s Assiniboine Park Zoo provides glimpse into northern landscapes and wildlife
(Updated December 2018)
The Journey to Churchill at Assiniboine Park Zoo in Winnipeg, Manitoba highlights the magic of the north. Along a ten-acre route, visitors view species in three distinct zones and experience a variety of landscapes. The exhibit includes signage, interactive displays, and audio-visual components reinforcing concepts of biodiversity, climate change, and conservation. The exhibit provides opportunities for research into animal behaviour as well as showcasing the North to the general public.
The town of Churchill, Manitoba is located along the western shore of Hudson’s Bay. Archaeological digs have uncovered evidence of human existence in the area dating back 4,000 years. Europeans built a fur-trading fort here in the late seventeenth century. Today Churchill is Canada’s only Arctic seaport. Tourism is a growing business as visitors come to see polar bears, beluga whales, and the northern lights. Spring and fall draw birders to the area to see the more than 250 species passing through on annual migrations.
Churchill is located at the transition zone between the Boreal Forest and the tundra. The Journey to Churchill exhibit recreates the landscape through the planting of shrubs, wildflowers and native grasses, changes in elevation, natural water barriers, and artificial rock formations.
Polar bears are a main attraction of the Journey to Churchill Exhibit. There are three polar bear viewing areas – a glass window looking into the polar bear open field area, a glass window inside the Gateway to the Arctic building looking onto their water play area, and a 10-foot-wide underwater acrylic tunnel.
The polar bears are all rescued from the wild. If polar bears under the age of two are orphaned in the wild, they will not survive on their own because they have not yet learned critical survival and hunting skills from their mother. Orphaned polar bear cubs are brought into the Zoo only under special circumstances. Determination of whether an orphaned cub is a suitable candidate for the zoo’s transition program is made by the Manitoba Conservation and Water Stewardship, the government branch responsible for wildlife resources.
Their first home at the zoo is the Leatherdale International Polar Bear Conservation Centre, a state-of-the-art rescue and transition facility and the hub of the Zoo’s research and conservation initiative. They are placed in 30-day quarantine, cared for, and transitioned to life in a captive environment. After the bears get used to increasing exposure to people, they are moved to the Churchill exhibit where they act as ambassadors for their species.
Aurora was the first bear cub transferred from northern Manitoba to the Centre. She was found wandering near the Churchill airport in fall of 2013 and was about one year old at the time. Despite an extensive search, her mother was never found. She moved into the Journey to Churchill exhibit in July 2014. Information on the other bears can be found here. The Assiniboine Park Conservancy’s Polar Bear Rescue Team believes polar bears should be saved whenever possible. Climate change threatens extinction. With polar ice declining, fewer bears are surviving to adulthood.
The Leatherdale Centre also has an interpretive centre where you can learn about polar bears, the Arctic ecosystem, climate change and research. It is located beside the Journey to Churchill exhibit. I encourage you to include it in your visit.
There are information signs posted throughout the exhibit and interactive displays providing information on the animals, the landscape, and the people of the North. You can find out what the animals prey on, who their predators are, what they eat in the wild, what they are fed in the zoo, and a variety of other facts. A 360-degree Aurora Borealis Theatre screens a short film about the Churchill area, its wildlife, and the four seasons through the eyes of an indigenous family, ending with a fabulous Northern Lights display. I recommend taking a few minutes to watch it.
Here are a few tidbits of information I picked up on my visit:
- Muskox communicate by using scent from a gland near their eyes.
- In the 1800s, muskox declined severely due to commercial overhunting. In 1917, Canada introduced laws to protect them. Although they are no longer found in Manitoba, the population has rebounded in other parts of their range.
- Polar bears have a strong sense of smell and can detect a seal’s breathing hole from 1 kilometer away.
- Beluga whales lack a dorsal fin. This enables them to swim freely beneath sea ice.
- Abundance of caribou once meant life or death to the Dene people. Today hunting remains significant to the Dene culture.
Windows along one wall of the Tundra restaurant overlook the polar bear enclosure. Polar Playground is an indoor play area designed as an Arctic wonderland. Children may want to spend time in this area as part of their visits. Birthday party packages can also be arranged.
Churchill residents have learned to live with and respect polar bears, but occasionally a wandering polar bear poses risk to its citizens. A bear trap, such as the one in the photo above, is baited with smelly seal meat. When the bear tugs on the bait, the door closes behind him and he can now be moved or sedated safely.
There are no roads into Churchill. Primary transportation is by air or rail. The railway is extremely important to life in Churchill. In May 2017, severe flooding damaged several parts of the line. Service was suspended, causing hardship to both tourism and businesses in Churchill. After 18 months, service resumed at the beginning of December 2018.
You can wander through the Journey to Churchill exhibit on your own, as I have done several times. You’ll gain more knowledge and a better understanding of the north. Information is displayed in interesting and engaging ways. Or you can book a group tour (minimum of 6 people), where you are guided through the exhibit and get behind-the-scenes looks at the animal care of Arctic species and the laboratories of the Leatherdale International Polar Bear Conservation Centre. That tour is a Canadian Signature Experience, a special designation awarded by Destination Canada for Canadian experiences deemed to be once-in-a-lifetime travel experiences.
The Journey to Churchill exhibit offers people who may never have the chance to visit Churchill an opportunity to gain appreciation for its landscape and life. However, the portrayal is so intriguing you may want more and may be inspired to plan your own trip to Churchill.
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